Bowl barrow in Kingswood Brake, 450m WNW of Wood Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009421

Date first listed: 26-Sep-1935

Date of most recent amendment: 23-Aug-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow in Kingswood Brake, 450m WNW of Wood Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009421 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 18-Dec-2018 at 17:34:05.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Kiddington with Asterleigh

National Grid Reference: SP 40437 20090

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow in Kingswood Brake survives well, despite having been partly reduced by cultivation, and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Bronze Age bowl barrow situated 450m WNW of Wood Farm in Kingswood Brake. The barrow mound measures 20m in diameter, of which the central 16m survives as a visible earthwork up to 1.5m high. The remainder of the barrow has been reduced to ground level by cultivation. Surrounding the mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry ditch which provided material for its construction. This will survive as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21821

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
OCN 24, Schedule of Ancient Monuments - Oxfordshire, Schedule of Ancient Monuments, (1976)
Title: Ordnance Survey 1:10000 Source Date: 1980 Author: Publisher: Surveyor: Sheet SP 42 SW

End of official listing