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Orcheston Down Romano-British landscape

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Orcheston Down Romano-British landscape

List entry Number: 1009461

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Orcheston

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Shrewton

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Tilshead

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Mar-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10115

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Romano-British villages surviving as earthworks are rare nationally, as are extensive, well preserved, Romano-Celtic field systems. The association of a Roman village surviving as impressive earthworks at "Church Pits", extensive contemporary field systems and a major prehistoric land boundary, provides important evidence for the nature of Romano-British downland settlement and agricultural practises. Additionally the monument includes several prehistoric funerary monuments considered to be of national importance in their own right.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

An exceptionally well preserved area of settlement, surrounded by an extensive area of related field systems. Two barrows and a boundary bank and ditch feature are also included within the constraint area. 1 - Romano-British "Church Pits" settlement represented by a series of features along the crest of a west slope. They comprise circular or oval pits with mounds of upcast. Romano-British pottery has been found on the site. A plantation impinges on the north of the area. 2 - A field system to the south-east of "Church Pits", settlement, Orcheston Down. It is in a very good condition. 3 - A field system to the south-west of "Church Pits", settlement, Orcheston Down. The lynchets are visible but somewhat rounded due to ploughing. 4 - A bowl barrow 18m overall diameter with no sign of a ditch. It is marked by an iron bar set into concrete. (SU06584771) 5 - A bowl barrow with a diameter of c.23m and no sign of a ditch. (SU06514759) 6 - An extensive system of Celtic fields to the north-west of "Church Pits" settlement, Orcheston Down. These fields are best preserved in an area on the eastern slope. 7 - A field system to the south of "Church Pits", settlement, Orcheston Down. It is in good condition particularly a section north of the east/west track visible from Half Moon Copse. 8 - A boundary running across East Down and Orcheston Down. The best preserved length is situated on Orcheston Down. On Orcheston Down the ditch is c.3m wide with a bank c.4m wide to the north. It has been mutilated by military activity.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

National Grid Reference: SU 07076 48121

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009461 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 09:00:39.

End of official listing