Bowl barrow on Beachy Brow 780m east of Ringwood

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009479

Date first listed: 01-Nov-1963

Date of most recent amendment: 22-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on Beachy Brow 780m east of Ringwood
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: East Sussex

District: Eastbourne (District Authority)

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: TV 58598 98823

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite disturbance to the monument caused by road construction, the majority of the bowl barrow 780m east of Ringwood survives well and contains archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which the barrow was constructed. It is part of an extensive and widespread group of barrows and, as such, contributes to a detailed picture of settlement and land use in the area during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated on the crest of a ridge in an area of chalk downland. The barrow is visible as a mound well-defined on its western edge but which fades out towards the south-east. The remains of the mound are c.13m in diameter and 0.5m high. Surrounding this is a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. It has become partially infilled over the years but is still visible as a slight earthwork 2.5m wide and 0.2m deep to the west of the mound, the rest surviving as a buried feature.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20144

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, L V, 'Sussex Archaeological Collections' in Sussex Barrows (Volume 75), , Vol. 75, (1934), 275

End of official listing