Bell barrow 800m east of New Barn, Earl's Farm Down
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
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This copy shows the entry on 26-May-2019 at 04:07:00.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
- National Grid Reference:
- SU 18005 42397
Reasons for Designation
Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are
funerary monuments dating to the early and middle Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 1600-1300 bc. They occur either in
isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single
or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by
an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons,
personal ornaments, and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic
individuals, usually men. Bell barrows [,particularly multiple
barrows,] are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples most
of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides
evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric
communities over most of southern and eastern England as well as
providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a
particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows
would normally be considered to be of national importance.
The Earl's Farm Down bell barrow survives particularly well and, as there is no evidence of formal excavation on the site, has considerable archaeological potential. The importance of the site is further enhanced by its incorporation within a barrow cemetery. Such cemeteries provide valuable information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst Bronze Age communities. Individual barrows within such cemeteries are central to their interpretation and therefore of considerable importance.
The monument includes a large bell barrow set below the crest of a gentle
south-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound
is 34m in diameter and c.4m high. A berm, ditch and outer bank surround the
mound. The berm and ditch are no longer visible at ground level but survive as
buried features to a combined width of c.6m. The outer bank survives to a
width of 7m and is 0.3m high.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing