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Three bell barrows 300m north-east of New Barn, Earl's Farm Down

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Three bell barrows 300m north-east of New Barn, Earl's Farm Down

List entry Number: 1009572

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Amesbury

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 25-Feb-1991

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12202

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bell barrows, the most visually impressive form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating to the early and middle Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 1600-1300 BC. They occur either in isolation or in round barrow cemeteries and were constructed as single or multiple mounds covering burials, often in pits, and surrounded by an enclosure ditch. The burials are frequently accompanied by weapons, personal ornaments and pottery and appear to be those of aristocratic individuals, usually men. Bell barrows (particularly multiple barrows) are rare nationally, with less than 250 known examples, most of which are in Wessex. Their richness in terms of grave goods provides evidence for chronological and cultural links amongst early prehistoric communities over most of southern and eastern England, as well as providing an insight into their beliefs and social organisation. As a particularly rare form of round barrow, all identified bell barrows would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The Earl's Farm Down bell barrows survive particularly well and, as there is no evidence of formal excavation on the site, have considerable archaeological potential. The importance of the site is further enhanced by its incorporation within a barrow cemetery. Such cemeteries provide valuable information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst Bronze Age communities. Individual barrows within such cemeteries are central to their interpretation and therefore of considerable importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three bell barrows, aligned north-south, and set on a gentle south-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The northern barrow mound is 37m in diameter and 2m high. The central mound is 10m south of the northern mound. It is 38m in diameter and 2m high. To the south of, and contiguous to, the central mound is a third barrow 27m across and 1m high. The two contiguous barrow mounds measure c.45m from north to south. All three barrow mounds have been reduced by cultivation and the berms and outer banks are no longer visible at ground level. Air photographs suggest that all three mounds are surrounded by a single ditch. This is visible at ground level as a dark soil mark, c.5m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SU 17559 42345

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1009572 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 06:57:08.

End of official listing