Three bowl barrows 150m south of Normanton Down round barrow cemetery

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009620

Date first listed: 10-Mar-1925

Date of most recent amendment: 03-Apr-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 150m south of Normanton Down round barrow cemetery
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Wilsford cum Lake

National Grid Reference: SU 11688 41027

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many grouped into cemeteries. The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use. In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

The three bowl barrows 150m south of Normanton Down round barrow cemetery survive well, and all three are known from partial excavation to contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes three adjoining bowl barrows aligned north west-south east 150m south of Normanton Down round barrow cemetery, situated on a south facing slope overlooking an east-west combe that separates Normanton Down from Wilsford Down. The mound of the north west barrow is 30m in diameter, surrounded by a ditch 4m wide and 0.75m deep, giving an overall diameter of 38m. The central barrow is 14m in diameter and 0.75m high and has been constructed largely on the south east margin of the northern barrow. The mound of the barrow south east of this is 26m in diameter and 0.5m high. It is surrounded by a ditch which is now difficult to identify on the ground having become infilled over the years, but is calculated to be 2.5m wide, giving an overall diameter of 31m. All three barrows were partially excavated during the 19th century when primary cremations, one with a dagger, were found in the north west and south east barrows and fragments of an interment were found in the central barrow.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10326

Legacy System: RSM

End of official listing