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Prehistoric irregular aggregate field system with incorporated stone hut circle 1.125km SW of East Castick Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Prehistoric irregular aggregate field system with incorporated stone hut circle 1.125km SW of East Castick Farm

List entry Number: 1009686

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: North Hill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 10-Jul-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15112

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are a major feature of the Moor landscape. Irregular aggregate field systems are one of several methods of field layout known to have been employed in south-west England from the Bronze Age to the Roman period (c.2000 BC-AD 400). They comprise a collection of field plots, generally lacking conformity of orientation and arrangement, containing fields with sinuous outlines and varying shapes and sizes, bounded by stone or rubble walls or banks, ditches or fences. They are often located around or near ceremonial and funerary monuments. They are an important element of the existing landscape and are representative of farming practice over a long period. A substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The irregular aggregate field system on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well, with no evident, or recorded, disturbance and preserving evidence for its developmental sequence. The substantial soil deposits washed down the hillslope since its construction will preserve contemporary land surfaces and environmental deposits. The proximity of the monument to other broadly contemporary field systems and hut circles demonstrates well the nature of settlement and agricultural practices during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a small irregular aggregate field system incorporating a single stone hut circle, situated near a hut circle settlement, enclosure and other scattered hut circles and field boundaries in the broad valley between Kilmar Tor and Hawk's Tor, part of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The irregular aggregate field system is visible as four large field plots, of 0.23-0.45 hectares, plus a much smaller plot of 0.035 hectares, each defined by heaped rubble boundary walls, up to 2.5m wide and 0.6m high. Occasional edge-set facing slabs, up to 0.5m high, are visible in the sides of the walls. Soil washed down the hill-slope and some subsequent peat growth since the monument's construction have caused considerable build-up of deposits against the uphill, southern, side of many boundaries, almost masking that side in places. Three ovoid field plots form a SSE-NNW row along the western side of the field system, their shapes indicating their successive creation originating with the plot at the SSE. An almost square field plot adjoins the NE boundaries of this row and was the last large plot in the field system to be created. The stone hut circle is situated at the SE corner of the square plot, and survives with a circular wall of heaped rubble, up to 1.75m wide and 0.5m high, around a internal area 8m in diameter, levelled into the hillslope. A 0.5m wide entrance gap in the NNE sector of its wall opens into the very small, sub-rectangular, field plot which projects east from the hut circle and the SE corner of the larger square field plot. Early post-medieval re-use of this area for small scale stone extraction is indicated by the presence of an unfinished millstone rough-out situated near the northern edge of the southernmost ovoid field.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
consulted 6/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2575,
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2475 & 2575,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,

National Grid Reference: SX 25683 75631

Map

Map
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This copy shows the entry on 13-Dec-2017 at 01:34:44.

End of official listing