Two round cairns with connecting rubble wall 455m east of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009689

Date first listed: 10-Jul-1992


Ordnance survey map of Two round cairns with connecting rubble wall 455m east of Trewortha Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24603 75237


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

These round cairns on Twelve Men's Moor have survived well despite the limited actions of stone-robbers and they will retain many original features including burial deposits. The south-eastern cairn in particular displays a good range of surviving features. Their proximity to broadly contemporary burial monuments of differing types and to Prehistoric field systems and settlement sites demonstrates well the diversity of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument comprises two small Prehistoric round cairns, situated near other broadly contemporary cairns, field systems and settlement sites on the western slope of the Twelve Men's Moor between Kilmar Tor and Trewortha Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor. These cairns are separated by a gap of 2.5m on a NW-SE axis. The SE cairn survives as a turf-covered mound of heaped rubble, 6m in diameter and up to 0.7m high. Occasional edge-set kerb slabs, up to 0.4m high, are visible around the perimeter of the cairn. Within the mound is a circular central hollow, 3m in diameter and 0.3m deep, whose well-defined outer edge shows the occasional edge-set stones of an inner kerb. A small area of disturbance by stone robbers, limited to the NW edge of the central area, has displaced two large stone slabs, measuring 0.75m by 0.5m and 0.6m by 0.4m respectively. These are typical of the lining slabs of box-like structures called cists, which contained burials and which occur in several similar cairns on Bodmin Moor. The NW cairn has a similarly turf-covered, heaped rubble mound, 5.5m in diameter and 0.5m high. Its southern and western sectors show a distinct outer bank 2m wide, with two leaning edge-set slabs from a kerb, but much of its remaining upper surface contains irregular hollows up to 0.25m deep resulting from early stone robbing episodes. The NE sides of the two cairns are linked by a low, slightly curving, rubble wall, surviving to a maximum 1.25m wide and 0.4m high, merging with cairns at each end.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15111

Legacy System: RSM


consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1012.02,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.12,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1077,

End of official listing