Unenclosed hut circle settlement incorporating a small cairn 875m ENE of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009733

Date first listed: 19-Jul-1974

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Unenclosed hut circle settlement incorporating a small cairn 875m ENE of Trewortha Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24965 75623


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This unenclosed hut circle settlement on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well and displays several unusual features, notably the ditches encircling several hut circle walls and the thickened entrance walling in one hut circle. The settlement's proximity to other broadly contemporary settlement sites, field systems and cairn groups demonstrates well the nature of land use during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes an unenclosed settlement of nine stone hut circles, one of which has a small cairn near its entrance, situated near broadly contemporary scattered hut circles, cairn groups and field boundaries on the wide saddle between Trewortha Tor and Kilmar Tor, part of Twelve Men's Moor, on eastern Bodmin Moor. The stone hut circles are arranged in a nucleated cluster, 3-22m apart over an area of 0.5 hectare. The hut circles survive with circular rubble walls up to 2.5m wide and 1m high, around internal areas levelled into the hillslope and ranging 5-12.5m in diameter. Occasional inner and outer facing slabs are visible in the walls and entrance gaps, 1.5m wide facing east, survive in four examples. The large hut circle at the SW edge of the settlement has a marked thickening of its walls on their approach to the entrance, rising to a width of 3m and forming the entrance gap into a short corridor between them. This hut circle and two of the other larger hut circles at the NW and southern edges of the settlement, each have a ditch outside their walls, 2m wide and 0.6-0.7m deep, and traces of a ditch surround the walls of a fourth hut circle. In the two of these with visible entrances, a causeway in the ditch corresponds with the entrance. A small circular cairn, visible as a mound of heaped rubble 3m in diameter and 0.3m high, is situated 4m NE of the ditch causeway of the hut circle with thickened entrance walling. A hollow in the cairn's surface reveals a ground-fast boulder at its centre. The largest hut circle, near the NE edge of the settlement, contains slight drystone rubble footings against its SW wall. The footings are 0.5m wide, up to 0.4m high, of a small circular structure 2.5m in internal diameter. On the NE side of this circular feature are similar footings of a rectangular structure measuring 2m by 1.75m internally. These slight structures are typical of medieval tin miners' shelters and ore caches which occasionally re-use Prehistoric hut circles.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15108

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Fleming, A, The Dartmoor Reaves, (1988)
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2473,
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcriptions for SX 2475 & 2575,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1013 & 1173,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.06,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.07, .08, .09, .10, & .14,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014.18,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1275,

End of official listing