Middlehill settlement and associated cultivation earthworks.

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009795

Date first listed: 27-Jan-1965

Date of most recent amendment: 04-Jan-1990

Map

Ordnance survey map of Middlehill settlement and associated cultivation earthworks.
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2018 at 15:02:55.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishopstrow

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Norton Bavant

National Grid Reference: ST 90911 44714, ST 90969 45159

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well.

Downland Medieval villages surviving as well-preserved earthworks are rare nationally due to the destructive effects of later cultivation. The importance of the Middlehill monument is considerably enhanced by its association with contemporary cultivation earthworks. These earthworks provide distinctive traces of medieval and earlier agricultural actvities in Downland areas, and indicate the degree of intensity of land use and farming practices through time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The constraint area includes the site of a deserted medieval village in the south and associated cultivation earthworks to the north. 1 - Six strip lynchets on the east side of Middlehill. Although damaged by ploughing they have a maximum height 2.2m. 2 - The site of a deserted medieval village. Although mutilated in some places by digging the earthworks are c.1.5m high and in very good condition. 3 - An area of strip lynchets up to 3m in height on the northern slope of Middlehill. They cover an area of c.3ha.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10087

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

End of official listing