Three round cairns 578m ENE of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009796

Date first listed: 05-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Three round cairns 578m ENE of Trewortha Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24697 75436


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

These round cairns on Twelve Men's Moor have survived well despite the limited actions of stone-robbers on the south-eastern cairn and they will retain many original features including burial deposits. Their proximity to other earlier and broadly contemporary burial monuments of differing types and to Prehistoric field systems and settlement sites demonstrates well the development and diversity of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Earlier Prehistoric period.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument comprises three small Prehistoric round cairns, part of a scattered group of twelve cairns, situated near a Neolithic long cairn and other broadly contemporary cairns, field systems and settlement sites on the wide saddle of Twelve Men's Moor between Kilmar Tor and the Trewortha Tor-Hawkstor ridge on eastern Bodmin Moor. The three cairns cluster to form a triangle with two cairns adjoining on an east-west axis at the south and the third cairn situated 10m to the north. The northern cairn survives as an oval mound of heaped rubble, measuring 9m along its east-west long axis by a maximum 5m wide and 0.6m high, with a flattened upper surface. The SE cairn has a circular rubble mound, 3.5m in diameter and 0.6m high, of inverted bowl shape with steep sides and a shallow hollow in the upper surface, 0.75m in diameter and 0.1m deep, resulting from an early stone robbing episode. The SW cairn also has an oval, flat-topped mound, measuring 7m on its ENE-WSW long axis by a maximum 4.5m wide and 0.4m high. The eastern perimeter of the SW cairn touches the perimeter of the SE cairn. The three cairns are situated near the WSW end of their scattered group, with further small cairns situated 13m to both west and east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15106

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, , Vol. 17, (1978), 3-24
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.12,

End of official listing