Two round cairns 557m ENE of Trewortha Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Sep-2019 at 01:40:39.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
- North Hill
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 24686 75424
Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.
These round cairns on Twelve Men's Moor have survived well without any evidence for disturbance and they will retain many original features including burial deposits. Their proximity to other earlier and broadly contemporary burial monuments of differing types and to Prehistoric field systems and settlement sites demonstrates well the development and diversity of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Earlier Prehistoric period.
The monument comprises two small Prehistoric round cairns at the WSW end of a
scattered group of twelve cairns, situated near a Neolithic long cairn and
other broadly contemporary cairns, field systems and settlement sites on the
wide saddle of Twelve Men's Moor between Kilmar Tor and the Trewortha
Tor-Hawkstor ridge on eastern Bodmin Moor.
The perimeters of these cairns touch on an east-west axis. The western cairn
survives as a turf-covered mound of heaped rubble, 2.5m in diameter and up to
0.4m high, forming a inverted bowl shape. The eastern cairn has a similar
turf-covered, heaped rubble mound, 2m in diameter and 0.3m high, also of
inverted bowl shape. This pair of cairns is situated 13m west of further
similar small cairns, the nearest other examples in this scattered group.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, (1978), 3-24
Trahair, J E R, 'Cornish Archaeology' in A survey of cairns on Bodmin Moor, (1978)
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013,
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.11,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1013.12,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing