Unenclosed hut circle settlement with adjacent enclosure and linear boundary 1.41km SW of East Castick Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009805

Date first listed: 02-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Unenclosed hut circle settlement with adjacent enclosure and linear boundary 1.41km SW of East Castick Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 25492 75416


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle settlement, enclosure and boundary wall on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well without any evident or recorded disturbance. The soil build-up since their construction will also preserve contemporary land surfaces and environmental deposits. It contains a small group of contemporary, inter-related structures which, together with its proximity to other broadly contemporary hut circles and field boundaries, demonstrates well the nature of settlement during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a small unenclosed hut circle settlement with an adjacent ovoid enclosure and attached boundary wall, situated near a Prehistoric field system and other scattered hut circles in the broad valley between Kilmar Tor and Hawk's Tor, part of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The hut circle settlement includes four stone hut circles. Three are situated south of the enclosure's eastern end and form a cluster separated by gaps 1-2m wide; the fourth hut circle is situated 33m north of the other three, on the opposite side of the enclosure's eastern end. The hut circles survive with circular walls of heaped rubble, up to 1.5m wide and 0.8m high, around levelled internal areas ranging from 3m to 6.5m in diameter. The walls contain occasional inner facing slabs and entrance gaps are visible in two examples, facing north and ENE respectively. One of these entrances is flanked to one side by an end-set slab, called an orthostat. The smallest hut circle incorporates two massive ground-fast boulders in the northern sector of its wall. The enclosure is defined by a wall of heaped rubble, up to 1.25m wide and 0.7m high, incorporating some lengths of boulders placed in a contiguous line. The wall encloses an ovoid internal area measuring 46m ENE- WSW by 25m maximum NNW-SSE and encompasses a small but marked natural terrace in the hillslope. A low rubble wall, up to 1.5m wide and 0.4m high, extends WSW for 52m from the western end of the enclosure, causing an angular change of direction in the enclosure wall where the two walls meet. All of the walling in the monument has a considerable build-up of deposits against its uphill, southern, sides comprising material washed down the hillslope since its construction.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15118

Legacy System: RSM


9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2575 (Consulted 9/1991),
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entries for PRN 1190.05/6/7/8,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1014,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1173,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190,
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1190.11,

End of official listing