Three stone hut circles 1.06km NE of Trewortha Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009807

Date first listed: 05-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Three stone hut circles 1.06km NE of Trewortha Farm
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24623 76238


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This cluster of three hut circles in the Withey Brook valley has survived well with no evident or recorded disturbance. These hut circles are rare survivals in a valley floor location and their proximity to a small hut circle settlement demonstrates well the nature of settlement in this topographical position during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a cluster of three stone hut circles situated near a small hut circle settlement at the southern edge of the Withey Brook valley floor, north of Trewortha Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The three hut circles survive with circular walls of heaped rubble, up to 1.5m wide and 1m high, around levelled internal areas ranging from 4m to 8m in diameter. The walling of two hut circles has edge-set inner facing slabs. All three have entrance gaps, variously facing north, north-east and west. The hut circles are arranged as a triangular cluster, separated by 1-3m gaps, with two on an east-west axis and the third to their north. The largest hut circle, at the SW of the cluster, has a concentric annexe, 3.5m wide, built around its SSE half and defined by a rubble wall of similar size and construction as the hut circle wall. The annexe wall returns to join the hut circle wall at its SW end, but at the east it joins the wall of the SE hut circle in the cluster.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15120

Legacy System: RSM


9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2476 (Consulted 9/1991),
Consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1078.05, .06, & .07,

End of official listing