Bowl barrow at the east end of Earl's Farm Down

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009865

Date first listed: 03-Mar-1960

Date of most recent amendment: 25-Feb-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow at the east end of Earl's Farm Down
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Amesbury

National Grid Reference: SU 18820 42238

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the late Neolithic period to the late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Their ubiquity and their tendency to occupy prominent locations makes them a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisation amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The Earl's Farm Down bowl barrow survives particularly well and, as there is no evidence of formal excavation on the site, has considerable archaeological potential. The importance of the site is further enhanced by its incorporation within a barrow cemetery. Such cemeteries provide valuable information on the variety of beliefs and social organisation amongst Bronze Age communities. Individual barrows within such cemeteries are central to their interpretation and therefore of considerable importance.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on the crest of a hill with extensive views to the south. The barrow mound is 28m in diameter and stands to a height of 3m. Surrounding the barrow mound is a ditch 3m across and surviving to a depth of 0.2m. Worked flint artefacts, likely to be contemporary with the construction and use of the barrow mound, are visible in the ploughed fields immediately surrounding the monument.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12199

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Schofield, A J, 26 April 1990, (1990)

End of official listing