Two bowl barrows on Gallows Hill, 200m east of Millborough House

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009906

Date first listed: 27-Jan-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 19-Jun-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Two bowl barrows on Gallows Hill, 200m east of Millborough House
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: West Sussex

District: Chichester (District Authority)

Parish: Graffham

National Park: SOUTH DOWNS

National Grid Reference: SU 93374 19435

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence of partial excavation of one of the barrows, the two bowl barrows on Gallows Hill survive comparatively well and contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows situated on the crest of a ridge of Greensand, 2.5km north of the South Downs. Both barrow mounds survive as earthworks, the most northerly being 18m in diameter and 1.8m high; the southerly is 14m in diameter, 1.3m high and has a large hollow in the centre suggesting that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mounds are' ditches from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. These have become infilled over the years and are no longer visible at ground level but survive as a buried features c.3m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20057

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Ordnance Survey, SU 91 NW 15A, (1972)

End of official listing