Two bowl barrows on Gallows Hill, 200m east of Millborough House
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1009906
Date first listed: 27-Jan-1967
Date of most recent amendment: 19-Jun-1992
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
County: West Sussex
District: Chichester (District Authority)
National Park: SOUTH DOWNS
National Grid Reference: SU 93374 19435
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
Despite evidence of partial excavation of one of the barrows, the two bowl barrows on Gallows Hill survive comparatively well and contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.
The monument includes two bowl barrows situated on the crest of a ridge of
Greensand, 2.5km north of the South Downs. Both barrow mounds survive as
earthworks, the most northerly being 18m in diameter and 1.8m high; the
southerly is 14m in diameter, 1.3m high and has a large hollow in the centre
suggesting that it was once partially excavated. Surrounding the mounds are'
ditches from which material was quarried during the construction of the
monument. These have become infilled over the years and are no longer visible
at ground level but survive as a buried features c.3m wide.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 20057
Legacy System: RSM
Ordnance Survey, SU 91 NW 15A, (1972)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing