Bowl barrow on northern edge of Stephill Bottom

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1009920

Date first listed: 08-Apr-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow on northern edge of Stephill Bottom
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: Denny Lodge

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 35814 05985

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow on the northern edge of Stephill Bottom survives in a heavily waterlogged area. This makes it likely that environmental evidence may survive relating to the landscape in which the monument was constructed. Furthermore, the barrow survives in the New Forest, which is known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a bowl barrow situated near the bottom of a south facing slope, on the edge of a marshy area known as Stephill Bottom. The barrow mound measures 5.8m in diameter and stands up to 0.3m high. There is no trace of previous archaeological excavation, and the important archaeological deposits are therefore probably intact. A ditch, from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become partly infilled over the years but is visible as a slight earthwork 1.4m wide on the eastern side of the mound and survives as a buried feature elsewhere.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20213

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill, T, Monument Class Description - Bowl barrows, 1988,
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU 30 NE 2,

End of official listing