Bowl barrow 450m north of Vittlefields Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010010

Date first listed: 18-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 450m north of Vittlefields Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Isle of Wight (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Newport

National Grid Reference: SZ 45923 89814

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite having been partially excavated, the bowl barrow 450m north of Vittlefields Farm survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the barrow and the landscape in which it was constructed. This barrow is rare on the Isle of Wight as it stands on gravel some distance away from chalk.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on a slight north facing slope in a low lying valley with chalk hills to the south. The barrow has a mound which measures c.27m in diameter and is 0.4m high. Surrounding the mound is a ditch from which material was quarried during its construction. This has become infilled over the years and can no longer be seen at ground level but survives as a buried feature c.5m wide. The barrow was opened in 1854 by Sir C Fellows. At the centre was a cairn of flints covered by a mound of clay and gravel. At the centre of the cairn were three urns resting on the old ground surface and containing cremations. It is reputed to have been opened again in 1855 by Sir C Fellows, and produced wood ashes, burnt bones and fragments of pottery.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22027

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Fellows, C, 'Journal of the British Archaeological Association' in Journal of the British Archaeological Association, , Vol. 11, (1855), 347-8
Other
Title: County Council 6" map undated 94NE Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor: see Wilkins Hist..of the IOW p.52

End of official listing