Combe lynchet system on Oxendean Down
Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number: 1010067
Date first listed: 12-Feb-1990
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Feb-2019 at 11:40:26.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)
National Grid Reference: ST 89851 46527
Reasons for Designation
The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Lynchets provide distinctive traces of medieval and earlier agricultural activities in downland areas, indicating the level of intensity of land use and farming practices through time. Remains of this type are still clearly discernible in the field systems of "celtic field" and "combe lynchet" type which cover wide tracts of the Salisbury Plain Training Area.
An extensive combe lynchet system, covering c.7.5ha. In places the lynchets
are over 2m high. The long axis of the system lies along the contour.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
Legacy System number: 10080
Legacy System: RSM
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing