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Long barrow 85m west of Cherhill Monument

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Long barrow 85m west of Cherhill Monument

List entry Number: 1010135

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Calne Without

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Cherhill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 04-Jun-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 19040

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Dorset and Wiltshire form one of the densest and most important concentrations of this class of monument in the country. Despite disturbance to the Cherhill Down long barrow, both by quarrying and by partial excavation in 1864, some aspects of the monument survive comparatively well, providing potential for the recovery of archaeological and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The site includes the remains of a long barrow situated on the narrow neck of a prominent chalk ridge towards the west end of Cherhill Down. The immediate area around the site has been extensively disturbed by quarry activity and the appearance of the monument has suffered as a result. However a substantial mound 31m long by 20m wide and up to 2.2m high survives. It lies orientated east to west along the ridge top. This appears to represent the truncated tail of the barrow mound, the eastern portion having been levelled as a standing monument by surface quarrying. The overall length of the mound, estimated from the dimensions of the surviving portion, would appear to have been some 52m. There are no surface indications of flanking ditches, from which material was normally obtained in the construction of such monuments. It is possible that they were destroyed by slope erosion; alternatively the extreme steepness and limited width of the ridge at this position may have necessitated a less orthodox method of construction, for example, the scraping of earth from areas to the east and west of the monument. The monument was partially excavated in 1864; finds included three skeletons in a sarsen stone chamber, pottery, flints and a quern stone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
SU 06 NW 105, SU 06 NW 105,

National Grid Reference: SU 04693 69309

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010135 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 22-Nov-2017 at 04:57:31.

End of official listing