Long barrow 85m west of Cherhill Monument


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010135

Date first listed: 04-Jun-1992


Ordnance survey map of Long barrow 85m west of Cherhill Monument
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This copy shows the entry on 18-Jan-2019 at 17:39:39.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Calne Without

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Cherhill

National Grid Reference: SU 04693 69309


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Long barrows were constructed as earthen or drystone mounds with flanking ditches and acted as funerary monuments during the Early and Middle Neolithic periods (3400-2400 BC). They represent the burial places of Britain's early farming communities and, as such, are amongst the oldest field monuments surviving visibly in the present landscape. Where investigated, long barrows appear to have been used for communal burial, often with only parts of the human remains having been selected for interment. Certain sites provide evidence for several phases of funerary monument preceding the barrow and, consequently, it is probable that long barrows acted as important ritual sites for local communities over a considerable period of time. Some 500 long barrows are recorded in England. As one of the few types of Neolithic structure to survive as earthworks, and due to their comparative rarity, their considerable age and their longevity as a monument type, all long barrows are considered to be nationally important.

The 180 long barrows of Hampshire, Dorset and Wiltshire form one of the densest and most important concentrations of this class of monument in the country. Despite disturbance to the Cherhill Down long barrow, both by quarrying and by partial excavation in 1864, some aspects of the monument survive comparatively well, providing potential for the recovery of archaeological and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The site includes the remains of a long barrow situated on the narrow neck of a prominent chalk ridge towards the west end of Cherhill Down. The immediate area around the site has been extensively disturbed by quarry activity and the appearance of the monument has suffered as a result. However a substantial mound 31m long by 20m wide and up to 2.2m high survives. It lies orientated east to west along the ridge top. This appears to represent the truncated tail of the barrow mound, the eastern portion having been levelled as a standing monument by surface quarrying. The overall length of the mound, estimated from the dimensions of the surviving portion, would appear to have been some 52m. There are no surface indications of flanking ditches, from which material was normally obtained in the construction of such monuments. It is possible that they were destroyed by slope erosion; alternatively the extreme steepness and limited width of the ridge at this position may have necessitated a less orthodox method of construction, for example, the scraping of earth from areas to the east and west of the monument. The monument was partially excavated in 1864; finds included three skeletons in a sarsen stone chamber, pottery, flints and a quern stone.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19040

Legacy System: RSM


SU 06 NW 105, SU 06 NW 105,

End of official listing