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Enclosure and boundary earthwork west of Scraggy Copse

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Enclosure and boundary earthwork west of Scraggy Copse

List entry Number: 1010189

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Wiltshire

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Marden

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 13-Mar-1990

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 10031

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The most complete and extensive survival of chalk downland archaeological remains in central southern England occurs on Salisbury Plain, particularly in those areas lying within the Salisbury Plain Training Area. These remains represent one of the few extant archaeological "landscapes" in Britain and are considered to be of special significance because they differ in character from those in other areas with comparable levels of preservation. Individual sites on Salisbury Plain are seen as being additionally important because the evidence of their direct association with each other survives so well. Enclosures provide important evidence of land use and agricultural practices in the prehistoric/Romano-British period. The enclosures in the Salisbury Plain Training Area belong to one of the most important and best preserved fossil landscapes in southern Britain. The presence of these remains and their relationship with extensive field systems and settlement complexes are of critical importance to understanding the character and development of downland agriculture.

Boundary earthworks which include linear earthworks, so called ranch boundaries, dykes and cross ridge dykes are particularly well preserved in the Salisbury Plain Training Area. They provide important evidence of prehistoric landholdings, land reorganisation and changing agricultural practices through time.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

An enclosure with an associated earthwork. 1 - A possible Iron age/Romano-British defended homestead. The enclosure is D- shaped in plan measuring 40m east/west and 50m north/south overall. The defences comprise a bank c.7m wide and an outer ditch c.3m wide. 2 - A boundary earthwork c.60m extending from the north side of the enclosure. The bank is on the uphill, northern side. The feature may be accentuated by lynchet formation.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Other
Trust for Wessex Archaeology, (1987)
Wiltshire Library & Museum Service, (1987)

National Grid Reference: SU 07641 53550

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010189 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 10:09:04.

End of official listing