Stone hut circle 280m ESE of Trewortha Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010216

Date first listed: 07-Sep-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle 280m ESE of Trewortha Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 24388 75162

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This hut circle on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well, with no evident or recorded disturbance. The presence of a forecourt is an unusual addition to a hut circle. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary settlement sites, field systems and funerary monuments demonstrates well the nature of farming practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a stone hut circle situated near other, broadly contemporary, hut circles, cairns and field systems on the western edge of Twelve Men's Moor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The hut circle survives with a wall of heaped rubble, up to 0.6m high and 1.2m wide, faced on each side by edge-set slabs. The wall defines a circular levelled internal area, 8m in diameter, and has an entrance gap facing east. An ovoid forecourt adjoins the hut circle immediately beyond its entrance, defined by rubble walling, lacking facing slabs. The forecourt measures 6.5m east-west by 4m north-south internally and also has an entrance gap in its eastern side.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15139

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
consulted 10/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1077.02,
consulted 10/1991, Quinnell, N V/RCHME, 1:2500 AP Supplementary Field Trace for SX 2475,
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2474,
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2475,

End of official listing