Recumbent standing stone on Pen-y-wern Hill, 150m south east of a ring cairn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010318

Date first listed: 13-Jan-1932

Date of most recent amendment: 07-Feb-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Recumbent standing stone on Pen-y-wern Hill, 150m south east of a ring cairn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Clun

National Grid Reference: SO 31407 78687

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Standing stones are prehistoric ritual or ceremonial monuments with dates ranging from the Late Neolithic to the end of the Bronze Age for the few excavated examples. They comprise single or paired upright orthostatic slabs, ranging from under lm to over 6m high where still erect. They are often conspicuously sited and close to other contemporary monument classes. They can be accompanied by various features: many occur in or on the edge of round barrows, and where excavated, associated subsurface features have included stone cists, stone settings, and various pits and hollows filled in with earth containing human bone, cremations, charcoal, flints, pots and pot sherds. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which range considerably in depth. Several standing stones also bear cup and ring marks. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territories, graves, or meeting points, but their accompanying features show they also bore a ritual function and that they form one of several ritual monument classes of their period that often contain a deposit of cremation and domestic debris as an integral component. No national survey of standing stones has been undertaken, and estimates range from 50 to 250 extant examples, widely distributed throughout England but with concentrations in Cornwall, the North Yorkshire Moors, Cumbria, Derbyshire and the Cotswolds. Standing stones are important as nationally rare monuments, with a high longevity and demonstrating the diversity of ritual practices in the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age. Consequently all undisturbed standing stones and those which represent the main range of types and locations would normally be considered to be of national importance.

The standing stone on Pen-y-wern Hill, although lying recumbent, is a good example of its class. The relationship of the stone to the ring cairn, which lies 150m to the north west, is regarded as important. If the stone is in its original position it will also retain evidence relating to its erection and subsequent use.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a recumbent standing stone situated on the rounded summit of Pen-y-wern Hill. The stone lies at the junction of two fields 150m south east of a ring cairn with which it is believed to be associated. It measures 2.3m long by 0.8m wide and has a minimum depth of 0.5m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19166

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SMR record no 01162, Chitty, L F,

End of official listing