Bowl barrow 120m south west of Belair

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010319

Date first listed: 17-Dec-1929

Date of most recent amendment: 17-Jan-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 120m south west of Belair
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Shropshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Wistanstow

National Grid Reference: SO 43040 84062

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 120m south west of Belair survives well and is a good example of its class which will contain archaeological evidence relating to the construction of the barrow and its subsequent use. Environmental evidence relating to the landscape in which it was constructed will be preserved sealed beneath the mound and in the ditch fill. It is one of a group of similar monuments occurring in this vicinity and so contributes valuable information relating to the land use, social structure and burial practices of the prehistoric community occupying this area of landscape during the Bronze Age.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow on the west side of the valley of the River Onny, between the A49 road and the railway line. The barrow mound survives as a well defined mound 25m in diameter and up to 1.6m high. The western side of the barrow has been clipped by the easement for the railway line. Although the surrounding ditch, from which the material would have been quarried for the barrow's construction is not visible, one will survive around the north, east and south of the mound as a buried feature with an estimated width of 2m. Around the western side the ditch will have been removed by the construction of the railway line.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 19167

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SMR reference 00160, Chitty, L F, (1949)

End of official listing