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Prehistoric round cairn on the eastern outcrop of Bearah Tor

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Prehistoric round cairn on the eastern outcrop of Bearah Tor

List entry Number: 1010361


The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.


District: Cornwall

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: North Hill

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 26-Jun-1992

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 15085

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of preservation.

The round cairn on Bearah Tor survives well with no apparent disturbance. Its proximity to a series of broadly contemporary linear boundaries, field systems and settlement sites demonstrates well the pattern of land use during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument comprises a small Prehistoric funerary cairn surrounding the easternmost tor of the Bearah Tor ridge. The cairn is situated near Prehistoric linear boundaries along the eastern slope of Bearah Tor on SE Bodmin Moor. The cairn survives as an oval arrangement of stone rubble, heaped up to 1.75m high against the vertical sides of subrectangular granite outcrop measuring 14m NE-SW by 9m NW-SE and standing 3m high. The periphery of the cairn's rubble is well defined, extending 6m from the NE face of the outcrop and 5m from its NW and SE faces, but only 2m from its SW face. On both the SW and SE sides, the rubble overrides the lower exposures of bedrock which border the outcrop on those faces. A layer of cairn rubble, largely turf covered, is also present on the irregular upper surface of the outcrop. A slender granite slab, 0.4m wide and 1m high, is wedged upright in a natural joint in the bedrock at the SE periphery of the cairn. The outcrop forming the focus of this cairn is the easternmost of an ENE-WSW linear succession of granite outcrops that crowns the summit of Bearah Tor.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

consulted 7/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2674,
consulted 7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1423,
consulted 7/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1426,
consulted 9/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1427.1,

National Grid Reference: SX 26276 74662


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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010361 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Aug-2018 at 11:35:21.

End of official listing