Three bowl barrows 620m east of Dilton Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010376

Date first listed: 11-Jan-1972

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jul-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Three bowl barrows 620m east of Dilton Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hampshire

District: New Forest (District Authority)

Parish: East Boldre

National Park: NEW FOREST

National Grid Reference: SU 33770 00923

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of one of the mounds, the cluster of barrows 620m east of Dilton Farm survive comparatively well as part of a widely scattered group of round barrows in the New Forest, an area known to have been important in terms of lowland Bronze Age occupation. A considerable amount of archaeological evidence has survived in this area because of a lack of agricultural activity, the result of later climatic deterioration, development of heath and the establishment of a Royal Forest.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes three bowl barrows situated on lowland heath. The largest barrow measures 25m in diameter and stands up to 1.9m high. A hollow in the mound centre suggests previous robbing or early exploration of the site. In 1970 an urn containing a cremation burial was recovered from this barrow. Although no longer visible, a ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. Five metres south-east of this barrow is a 4.5m diameter and 0.3m high mound. The associated quarry ditch survives as a buried feature. A short distance east is another mound which measures 4m in diameter and 0.2m high. This monument is part of a widely scattered group of round barrows situated on Beaulieu Heath.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20235

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Darvill,T., MPP Single Monument Class Description - Bowl Barrows, (1988)
Hampshire County Planning Department, SU 30 SW 9,

End of official listing