Prehistoric standing stone 1.375km WNW of Blackcoombe Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010410

Date first listed: 04-Dec-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Prehistoric standing stone 1.375km WNW of Blackcoombe Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: North Hill

National Grid Reference: SX 25563 74601

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Standing stones are ceremonial monuments dating from the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age (c 2500-750 BC). They comprise single or paired upright slabs, ranging in height from under 1m to over 6m, where still erect. Standing stones are often conspicuously sited and sometimes are located in or on the edge of round barrows or cairns. Excavations have demonstrated sub-surface features adjacent to standing stones, including stone funerary cists, spreads of small pebbles and various pits and hollows filled in some cases with human bone, cremations, charcoal and domestic artefacts. Similar deposits have been found in excavated sockets for standing stones, which vary considerably in depth. Standing stones may have functioned as markers for routeways, territorial boundaries, graves and meeting points, but their adjacent features show that they also bore a ritual function, forming one of the several known ritual monument classes of their period. Estimates suggest that about 250 standing stones are known nationally, of which the 16 examples surviving on Bodmin Moor form an important sub-group. They are a long-lived class of monument, highly representative of their period and all examples except those which are extensively damaged are considered to be of national importance. This standing stone on Twelve Men's Moor has survived well. Despite its marked lean due to sub-surface subsidence, it has not been excavated, damaged or moved from its original site and it will also retain intact its sub-surface features. The substantial depth of peat at this location will also preserve environmental data contemporary with, and subsequent to, its erection. Its proximity to a broadly contemporary linear boundary and cairns demonstrates well the organisation of land use and the nature of ritual activity during the later Neolithic and Bronze Ages.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a Prehistoric standing stone on Twelve Men's Moor, situated close to a broadly contemporary linear boundary with adjacent cairns, near the centre of a high-altitude valley between Bearah Tor and Kilmar Tor on eastern Bodmin Moor. The standing stone survives as a slender granite slab, at least 3m long, square in section at its base with sides 0.5m wide, tapering slightly to measure 0.4m by 0.35m at its tip, which is reduced to triangular section by a naturally fractured surface. The uppermost 0.75m of the stone's southern face below the tip bulges out by 0.1m from the otherwise even taper of the sides. All surfaces and edges of the stone are considerably eroded, showing no traces of deliberate working or dressing. The stone leans markedly to the south, such that its tip is 0.9m above ground level. Despite this, the base of the stone is firmly embedded in the thick peat of the valley floor, whose turf rises to cover the lowermost 0.8m of the stone's north face, leaving the remaining 2.2m of the slab exposed, projecting to the south.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15158

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
consulted 9/1991, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription for SX 2574,

End of official listing