Bowl barrow 280m north of Downs Barn

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010419

Date first listed: 09-Oct-1981

Date of most recent amendment: 13-Jan-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 280m north of Downs Barn
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Swindon (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bishopstone

National Grid Reference: SU 25143 81190

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite partial excavation of the barrow mound, the Downs Barn bowl barrow survives comparatively well and, as one of a pair in close proximity, has potential for the recovery of archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the nature of Bronze Age communities in this area and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow set on a gentle west-facing slope in an area of undulating chalk downland. The barrow mound is 27m in diameter and stands 2m high. Although no longer visible at ground level a ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. The site has been partially excavated, finds including a cremation burial underneath the broken leg bone of a pig and a piece of iron pyrites. The post-and-wire fence which runs across the site is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 12329

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine' in Wiltshire Archaeological Magazine, , Vol. 49, (1958)

End of official listing