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Two bowl barrows 250m south-west of Calbourne Bottom

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows 250m south-west of Calbourne Bottom

List entry Number: 1010508

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:

District: Isle of Wight

District Type: Unitary Authority

Parish: Brighstone

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 07-Jun-1967

Date of most recent amendment: 09-Jan-1992

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 12332

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite evidence for partial excavation of the southern barrow mound, the Calbourne Bottom monument survives well and, as a pair of contemporary barrows, has potential for the recovery of archaeological evidence and environmental remains relating to the nature of Bronze Age communities on the island and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two bowl barrows aligned NE-SW and set on an east-facing slope at a point where the chalk ridge, which runs across the centre of the island, is bisected by a dry-valley system orientated north-south. The southern barrow mound is 17m across and 1.5m high. A hollow 3m across and 0.5m deep on the centre of the mound suggests the site was once partially excavated. A ditch, from which material was quarried during construction of the monument, surrounds the mound. This has become partly infilled over the years but is visible as a low earthwork 1m wide and 0.1m deep on the south-west side of the mound and survives as a buried feature elsewhere. At a distance of 11m north-east of the southern barrow is an additional mound 15m across and 0.7m high. A ditch surrounding the mound survives as a buried feature c.1m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details

National Grid Reference: SZ 41854 84613

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010508 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 23-Nov-2017 at 09:33:53.

End of official listing