Section of the Cleave Dyke system on Arden Little Moor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010532

Date first listed: 04-May-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Section of the Cleave Dyke system on Arden Little Moor
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Hambleton (District Authority)

Parish: Kepwick

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Hawnby

National Park: NORTH YORK MOORS

National Grid Reference: SE 49280 90163

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

The Cleave Dyke System is the most westerly of a series of dyke systems on the Tabular Hills of north east Yorkshire. The name has been given to a series of linear ditches and banks stretching north-south over 9km parallel with and close to the western scarp of the Hambleton Hills. The system was constructed between the Late Bronze Age and the Iron Age to augment the natural division of the terrain by river valleys and watersheds. Significant stretches remain visible as upstanding earthworks; elsewhere it can be recognised as a cropmark on aerial photographs. The system formed a prehistoric territorial boundary in an area largely given over to pastoralism; the impressive scale of the earthworks displays the corporate prestige of their builders. In some instances the boundaries have remained in use to the present day. Linear boundaries are of considerable importance for the analysis of settlement and land use in the later prehistoric period; all well preserved examples will normally merit statutory protection.

This section of the Cleave Dyke system is preserved as a prominent earthwork for most of its length, forming a very clear division across the landscape. Located at the north of the system, it forms the south western section of the Kepwick Dyke and originally connected with another dyke in the Cleave Dyke System. It is also associated with a group of Bronze Age round barrows. These are burial mounds with a ritual and social function, which also acted as territorial markers. Such groupings of monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a section of the prehistoric linear boundary system on the Hambleton Hills, known as the Cleave Dyke. The monument extends for c.300m south of the Hambleton Road terminating at the enclosure boundary at the south west edge of Arden Little Moor. The northern end is defined by a trackway although the dyke continues for a further 20m immediately north of this trackway. At the southern end the dyke is truncated by forestry track although it would originally have continued to meet the line of another dyke in the system. The monument is a prominent linear earthwork comprising a ditch with a single flanking bank lying to the east of the ditch. The ditch is 3.5m wide and 0.6m deep whilst the bank is 3.5m wide and 0.5m high. This dyke is part of a wider system of earthworks continuing for 9km north- south along the western edge of the Hambleton Hills. Shorter east-west boundaries linked valley heads to the main dyke and thus divided the terrain into discrete units for agricultural and social purposes. The dyke is associated with earlier round barrows which also marked the division of land. Together the monuments on this part of the Hambleton Hills provide important evidence of territorial organisation and the development of settled agricultural practices. There is a stone wall crossing the monument which is excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25596

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Spratt, D A , 'The Archaeological Journal' in The Cleave Dyke System, , Vol. VOL 54, (1982), 33-52
Other
ANY 70/25:34 ANY 71/1,

End of official listing