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Two bowl barrows on Stonepit Hills

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Two bowl barrows on Stonepit Hills

List entry Number: 1010566

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Norfolk

District: King's Lynn and West Norfolk

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Grimston

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 02-Feb-1995

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21353

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two barrows on Stonepit Hills survive well. Archaeological information concerning their construction and the manner and duration of their use, as well as evidence for the local environment at that time, will be contained in the mounds, in soils buried beneath the mounds and in the fill of the ditches.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes two adjacent bowl barrows, situated on the end of a gravel spur above a steep, south west facing slope overlooking Massingham Road. The site was formerly heathland. The barrows are visible as earthen mounds c.19m apart. The smaller of the two mounds stands to a height of c.1.5m and covers a circular area c.18m in diameter. The second mound, which lies ESE of the first, measures c.1.7m high and c.26m in diameter. The ground immediately to the south of the barrows falls in a steep scarp. On the north, west and east sides, however, the mounds are enclosed by ditches which have become infilled but which will survive as buried features. Around the north and east side of the eastern barrow, the line of the ditch is followed by a later hollow track with a slight bank alongside, which is included in the scheduling. The site of the ditch to the north of the western barrow is marked by a slight hollow in the ground surface. The dating of the barrows to the Early Bronze Age is supported by finds of a fragment of prehistoric pottery and a worked flint on the western mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Clarke, RR, 2330: West Norfolk, Grimston, (1953)
Lawson, AJ, 2331: West Norfolk, Grimston, (1974)

National Grid Reference: TF 75687 22819

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1010566 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 18-Nov-2017 at 04:56:21.

End of official listing