Parallel reave and two enclosures, east of Roughtor parallel reave

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010695

Date first listed: 20-Feb-1992

Map

Ordnance survey map of Parallel reave and two enclosures, east of Roughtor parallel reave
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Sheepstor

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 58398 68133

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provides direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time.

Elaborate complexes of fields and field boundaries are some of the major features of the Dartmoor landscape. The reaves are part of an extensive system of prehistoric land division introduced during the Bronze Age, around 1700BC. They consist of simple linear stone banks used to mark out discrete territories, some of which are tens of kilometres in extent. The systems are defined by parallel, contour and watershed reaves, dividing the lower land from the grazing zones of the higher moor and defining the watersheds of adjacent river systems. Occupation sites and funerary or ceremonial monuments are often incorporated in, or associated with, reave complexes. Their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation, land divisions and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They show considerable longevity as a monument type, sometimes surviving as fossilised examples in medieval field plans. They are an important element in the existing landscape and, as such, a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This parallel reave with its associated enclosures is part of the complex which terminates on Eylesbarrow watershed reave, a major element of the system on the south-west part of the Moor.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This parallel reave lies east of Roughtor parallel reave and runs north-west from Eylesbarrow watershed reave for some 350m, where it joins enclosed fields south of Narrator Brook. Although, it abuts Eylesbarrow watershed reave, for purposes of clarity and because they are different reave forms, these two reaves have been defined as separate schedulings. It is a low bank of earth and stone 1.5m in width and 0.4m in height, with a ditch along its east side. There are two enclosures associated with the reave, one with a hut circle. The latter abuts the reave on the western side towards its northern end and is 36m in diameter. The bank is 1m in width and 0.4m in height, including some large stones up to 0.5m in height and has an entrance in the south side. There is a hut in the south-east angle between the enclosure wall and the reave, it is 6m in diameter with walls 0.5m in width and 0.75m in height. The other enclosure lies across the reave slightly south-east of its mid-point and is 14m in diameter with a bank 2m in width and 0.75m in height.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10745

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SX56NE-429, REF SX56NE-429, (1990)
SX56NE-430, REF SX56NE-430, (1990)
SX56NE-431, REF SX56NE-431, (1990)

End of official listing