Pain's End moated site.

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1010749
Date first listed:
13-Jan-1992

Map

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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Hertfordshire
District:
East Hertfordshire (District Authority)
Parish:
Anstey
National Grid Reference:
TL 40334 33447

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Pain's End moated site is in good condition and is constantly waterlogged giving it high potential for the preservation of organic deposits. The monument is one of a group of three moats in the village of Anstey.

Details

This monument is a single island moat situated to the north-east of Anstey. It is one of a group of three in the village. It is a permanently waterfilled moat, measuring about 60m east- west by 35m north-south, and has one causeway on the south side which is 7m wide.

The arms measure between 7m to 10m in width and up to 12m in depth. The north-west corner of the moat is wider by about 2.5m and forms a slight bulge. There are two modern drains leading into the southern arm of the moat which are excluded from the scheduling. The island, which measures about 40m by 20m, is at the same level as the surrounding ground. It is considered to have been used either as a garden or orchard. Around the village of Anstey there are two other moats, both at Hale Farm, east of the village.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
20607
Legacy System:
RSM

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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