Bowl barrow near Gallows Plain


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010757

Date first listed: 29-Jul-1971

Date of most recent amendment: 16-Jul-1992


Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow near Gallows Plain
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Hertfordshire

District: East Hertfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Hertford

National Grid Reference: TL 34760 13114


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although slightly disturbed by the construction of a golf bunker, the bowl barrow near Gallows Plain is of large size and has never been excavated. It contains archaeological and environmental evidence relating both to the monument and to the landscape in which it was constructed.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes a bowl barrow situated east of Hertford, on the crest of a hill overlooking the River Lea. The hemispherical earth mound measures 40m east-west by 46m north-south and is c.1.6m high. The north side of the barrow has been slightly disturbed by the construction of a bunker on the former golf course. Although no longer visible, a ditch, from which material was excavated for the construction of the monument, surrounds the barrow mound. This has been infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.2m wide. The paved footpaths surrounding the monument are excluded from the scheduling although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20627

Legacy System: RSM


Information from SMR (bowl barrow near Gallows Plain),

End of official listing