Bowl barrow 200m south east of Middle Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1010889

Date first listed: 23-Mar-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 200m south east of Middle Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Wiltshire (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Shrewton

National Grid Reference: SU 08960 44201

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

A small number of areas in southern England appear to have acted as foci for ceremonial and ritual activity during the Neolithic and Bronze Age periods. Two of the best known and earliest recognised areas are around Avebury and Stonehenge, now jointly designated as a World Heritage Site. The area of chalk downland which surrounds Stonehenge contains one of the densest and most varied groups of Neolithic and Bronze Age field monuments in Britain. Included within the area are Stonehenge itself, the Stonehenge cursus, the Durrington Walls henge, and a variety of burial monuments, many grouped into cemeteries. The area has been the subject of archaeological research since the 18th century when Stukeley recorded many of the monuments and partially excavated a number of the burial mounds. More recently, the collection of artefacts from the surfaces of ploughed fields has supplemented the evidence for ritual and burial by revealing the intensity of contemporary settlement and land-use. In view of the importance of the area, all ceremonial and sepulchral monuments of this period which retain significant archaeological remains are identified as nationally important. Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, normally ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a variety of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally and at least 320 in the Stonehenge area. This group of monuments will provide important information on the development of this area during the Late Neolithic and Bronze Age periods.

Despite being levelled by ploughing, partial excavation of the barrow 200m south east of Middle Farm has shown that it is an unusual example of its class, being constructed without a quarry ditch, and having secondary funerary activity occurring around the mound.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a levelled bowl barrow located 200m south east of Middle Farm situated on a broad chalk plateau which gradually declines westwards to the valley of the River Till. Although the barrow is now difficult to identify on the ground, partial excavation has shown that the mound is 18m in diameter and constructed without a surrounding quarry ditch. Excavation also revealed secondary activity around the mound including the insertion of two cremations on the north west side and the cremation of a child beneath an inverted food vessel and covered with a flint cairn on the north east side. These remains are included in a 5m margin which surrounds the barrow mound.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 10455

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Grinsell, LV, The Victoria History of the County of Wiltshire: Volume V, (1957), 190
Green, C, Rollo-Smith, S, 'Proceedings of the Prehistoric Society' in The Excavation of Eighteen Round Barrows near Shrewton, Wilts, , Vol. 50, (1984), 255-318

End of official listing