One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m north-west of High Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011219

Date first listed: 22-Mar-1949

Date of most recent amendment: 18-Oct-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m north-west of High Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
Use of this data is subject to Terms and Conditions.

The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011219 .pdf

The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.

This copy shows the entry on 20-Oct-2018 at 01:24:35.

Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Grid Reference: SP 31878 17574

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow forming one of a pair 370m north-west of High Lodge survives comparatively well despite having been reduced by cultivation. It has never been excavated and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows located 370m north-west of High Lodge on a hill which forms the highest point of the ancient Wychwood Forest. The barrow is under cultivation but survives as a visible earthwork, the mound of which measures 20m in diameter and stands up to 0.7m high. Surrounding the barrow mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Quantities of Romano-British pottery have been found in the area around and between these barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21771

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
AM 107 report, Armstrong, L, Round Barrows 370m North West of High Lodge, (1987)
PRN 2295, C.A.O., Round Barrows, Wychwood,

End of official listing