Bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge: one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011223

Date first listed: 12-Oct-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge: one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire (District Authority)

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Grid Reference: SP 33343 18110

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge forms part of a well-preserved pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows which do not appear to have been disturbed by excavation. As such it will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated on a gentle south-facing slope in Wychwood Forest. The barrow mound measures 13m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which provided material for its construction. Although this has become largely infilled over the years, it survives mainly as a buried feature c.3m wide. The ditch is visible as a slight depression on the south-western side of the barrow where an unsurfaced track has subsided into the ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21779

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
Observations, JEFFERY, P.P., On Site Discussion Between P. Jeffery and A.J. Schofield, (1993)

End of official listing