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Bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge: one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge: one of a pair of Bronze Age barrows on the western edge of Wychwood Forest

List entry Number: 1011223

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Oxfordshire

District: West Oxfordshire

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Cornbury and Wychwood

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 12-Oct-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 21779

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 150m east of Waterman's Lodge forms part of a well-preserved pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows which do not appear to have been disturbed by excavation. As such it will contain important archaeological and environmental evidence relating to the construction of the monument and the landscape in which it was built.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows situated on a gentle south-facing slope in Wychwood Forest. The barrow mound measures 13m in diameter and stands up to 1m high. Surrounding the mound is a quarry ditch which provided material for its construction. Although this has become largely infilled over the years, it survives mainly as a buried feature c.3m wide. The ditch is visible as a slight depression on the south-western side of the barrow where an unsurfaced track has subsided into the ditch.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
Observations, JEFFERY, P.P., On Site Discussion Between P. Jeffery and A.J. Schofield, (1993)

National Grid Reference: SP 33343 18110

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011223 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 12:23:34.

End of official listing