One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m NW of High Lodge
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
- Date of most recent amendment:
The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011227 .pdf
The PDF will be generated from our live systems and may take a few minutes to download depending on how busy our servers are. We apologise for this delay.
This copy shows the entry on 23-May-2019 at 11:49:00.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- West Oxfordshire (District Authority)
- Cornbury and Wychwood
- National Grid Reference:
- SP 31939 17580
Reasons for Designation
Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments
dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most
examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as
earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple
burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often
acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar,
although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form
and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl
barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring
across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are
a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable
variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important
information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early
prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period
and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of
The bowl barrow forming one of a pair 370m north-west of High Lodge survives comparatively well despite having been reduced by cultivation. It has never been excavated and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.
The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows aligned east-
west and located 370m north-west of High Lodge on a hill which forms the
highest point of the ancient Wychwood Forest.
Despite being under cultivation, the mound measures 18m in diameter and stands
up to 0.6m high. Surrounding the barrow mound, but no longer visible at ground
level, is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its
construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried
feature c.3m wide. Quantities of Romano-British pottery have been found in the
area around and between these barrows, while aerial photographs show several
buried linear features, probably related to the Roman activity around the
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
AM 107 report, Armstrong, L, Round Barrows 370m North West of High Lodge, (1987)
Discussion with J. Heath, MPPFW, Jeffery, PP, Roman Field Systems on Bronze Age Cemetries, (1993)
PRN 13,753, C.A.O., LINEARS VISIBLE ON A.P.,
PRN 2295, C.A.O., Round Barrows, Wychwood,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing