One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m NW of High Lodge

Overview

Heritage Category:
Scheduled Monument
List Entry Number:
1011227
Date first listed:
22-Mar-1949
Date of most recent amendment:
18-Oct-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of One of a pair of bowl barrows 370m NW of High Lodge
© Crown Copyright and database right 2019. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2019. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County:
Oxfordshire
District:
West Oxfordshire (District Authority)
Parish:
Cornbury and Wychwood
National Grid Reference:
SP 31939 17580

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow forming one of a pair 370m north-west of High Lodge survives comparatively well despite having been reduced by cultivation. It has never been excavated and will contain archaeological and environmental evidence relating to its construction and the landscape in which it was built.

Details

The monument includes one of a pair of Bronze Age bowl barrows aligned east- west and located 370m north-west of High Lodge on a hill which forms the highest point of the ancient Wychwood Forest. Despite being under cultivation, the mound measures 18m in diameter and stands up to 0.6m high. Surrounding the barrow mound, but no longer visible at ground level, is a quarry ditch from which material was obtained during its construction. This has become infilled over the years but survives as a buried feature c.3m wide. Quantities of Romano-British pottery have been found in the area around and between these barrows, while aerial photographs show several buried linear features, probably related to the Roman activity around the barrows.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number:
21789
Legacy System:
RSM

Sources

Books and journals
Mudd, A, Round Barrows of the Oxfordshire Cotswolds, (1983)
Other
AM 107 report, Armstrong, L, Round Barrows 370m North West of High Lodge, (1987)
Discussion with J. Heath, MPPFW, Jeffery, PP, Roman Field Systems on Bronze Age Cemetries, (1993)
PRN 13,753, C.A.O., LINEARS VISIBLE ON A.P.,
PRN 2295, C.A.O., Round Barrows, Wychwood,

Legal

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.

End of official listing

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