Stone hut circle 380m north-east of Leather Tor

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011249

Date first listed: 21-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle 380m north-east of Leather Tor
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Walkhampton

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 56616 70181

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles and hut settlements were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on Dartmoor. They mostly date from the Bronze Age, with the earliest examples on the Moor in this building tradition dating to about 1700 BC. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of the turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may lie in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The stone hut circle 380m north-east of Leather Tor survives comparatively well and forms part of a widely scattered group of broadly contemporary settlements.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

This monument includes a stone hut circle situated on a gentle east-facing slope of Leather Tor. The structure is terraced into the hillslope and survives as a bank 1.5m wide and standing up to 0.7m high, defining a circular flat internal area measuring 10.7m in diameter. This structure forms an outlying part of a small settlement situated immediately to the north. The stone hut circle is attached to a field boundary which, although largely of post-medieval date, probably overlies a prehistoric boundary. The length of boundary immediately abutting the stone hut circle is included within the scheduling, but the fossilised prehistoric field system of which it forms a part is not included in the scheduling because it is not of national importance.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22229

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Devon County Sites and Monuments Register, SX57SE147,
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)
MPP fieldwork by S. Gerrard,

End of official listing