Stone hut circle 520m SSE of Carkeet Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011325

Date first listed: 15-Nov-1993


Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle 520m SSE of Carkeet Farm
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This copy shows the entry on 17-Nov-2018 at 15:43:01.


The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: St. Cleer

National Grid Reference: SX 22151 72781


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of prehistoric farmers on the Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). The stone-based round houses survive as low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity of use and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

This stone hut circle on the Carkeet Downs has survived well, displaying clearly an unusually good range of architectural details. The broadly contemporary physical and economic context of this hut circle is demonstrated by the survival nearby of other hut circles in the same settlement and of the prehistoric field system that encompassed the settlement, despite the latter being much truncated downslope by modern pasture improvement. The nearby prehistoric regular aggregate field system places this monument in its wider context of prehistoric land allotment and demonstrates well the nature of farming practices among prehistoric communities. The proximity of the monument to the cairn group about the summit of the Carkeet Downs shows well the wider relationship between settlement and ritual activity during the Bronze Age.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes one of five stone hut circles which form a hut circle settlement incorporated within a broadly contemporary irregular field system on the upper western slope of the Carkeet Downs bordering the River Fowey valley on south-east Bodmin Moor. The overall hut circle settlement includes five stone hut circles arranged in a `Y-shaped' pattern over 0.3 hectares of the western slope of the Downs. This monument, the north-western hut circle of the settlement and the lowest on the slope, is separated by a 31m wide area of modern improved pasture and a sunken farm track from the other four hut circles and the walls of the settlement's incorporating field system, which form the subject of a separate scheduling. The hut circle survives with a slightly ovoid wall of heaped rubble and small boulders, up to 1.6m wide and 0.7m high, defining an internal area measuring 7.5m north-south by 6m east-west, levelled into the hillslope. The wall has edge-set inner facing slabs and blocks, up to 0.8m high, forming contiguous rows in places; similarly contiguous rows of outer facing slabs and small boulders rise to 0.6m high. The wall has an entrance gap, 1m wide, facing SSW. The entrance is flanked on its west side by a large edge-set slab, 0.5m high, set transversely across the wall, and on its east side by two smaller slabs, formerly set on edge transversely to the wall but now fallen into the base of the entrance gap. The settlement of which this hut circle is part is enclosed within the northern of two broadly contemporary adjoining field plots which have survived from the upper edge of a prehistoric field system whose former extent downslope and north of the monument has been destroyed by modern pasture improvement. Beyond this monument, from 240m further south along the hillside, is a broadly contemporary regular aggregate field system incorporating a stone hut circle, while a group of three broadly contemporary funerary cairns is located on the broad summit of the Carkeet Downs, from 260m to the east.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15253

Legacy System: RSM


consulted 1993, Carter, A./Fletcher, M.J./RCHME, 1:2500 AP plot and field trace for SX 2272,
consulted 1993, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 1257.04,

End of official listing