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Jekyll's Farm moated site and fishpond

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: Jekyll's Farm moated site and fishpond

List entry Number: 1011470

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Braintree

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Finchingfield

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 22-Oct-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20723

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

Jekyll's Farm moated site is well preserved. Although filled in, the northern and eastern arms will retain archaeological information relating to the occupation of the site whilst the water-filled ditches and fishpond will retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument at Jekyll's Farm includes a moated site and fishpond situated on high ground 1km south-east of Cornish Hall End church. The original moated site was rectangular in shape, measuring 58m north-south by 45m east-west. The western and southern arms remain intact and water-filled and measure between 5m and 15m in width. The eastern arm is visible as a shallow depression, approximately 5m wide and 0.6m deep. The northern arm is not visible as it is covered by dense woodland. A causeway, 7.5m wide, gives access to the island across the southern part of the western arm. A large rectangular, water-filled fishpond, 15m south-east of the moat, measures 65m north-south by 17m east- west. The moated site is that associated with the family of Robert Jukel in 1235. The two modern houses, a garage, shed and driveways which occupy the site at present are excluded from the scheduling, although the ground beneath them is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract.

Selected Sources

Books and journals
Reaney, PH, Place names of Essex, (1935), 427-428

National Grid Reference: TL 69097 35722

Map

Map
© Crown Copyright and database right 2017. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2017. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011470 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 15-Dec-2017 at 10:22:07.

End of official listing