Two stone hut circles and an enclosure 140m east of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011498

Date first listed: 06-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Two stone hut circles and an enclosure 140m east of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Devon

District: West Devon (District Authority)

Parish: Peter Tavy

National Park: DARTMOOR

National Grid Reference: SX 53196 76144


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Dartmoor is the largest expanse of open moorland in southern Britain and, because of exceptional conditions of preservation, it is also one of the most complete examples of an upland relict landscape in the whole country. The great wealth and diversity of archaeological remains provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the early prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, major land boundaries, trackways, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains, gives significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Within the landscape of Dartmoor there are many discrete plots of land enclosed by stone walls or banks of stone and earth, most of which date to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC), though earlier and later examples also exist. They were constructed as stock pens or as protected areas for crop growing and were sometimes subdivided to accommodate stock and hut circle dwellings for farmers and herdsmen. The size and form of enclosures may therefore vary considerably depending on their particular function. Their variation in form, longevity and relationship to other monument classes provide important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices amongst prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The two stone hut circles and enclosure 140m east of the Ordnance Survey triangulation pillar on Cox Tor survive comparatively well and form part of a scattered group of settlements situated on the slopes of Cox Tor. They lie on the edge of a coaxial field system and close to an important round cairn cemetery. Both the huts and enclosure contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, as such, provide a valuable source of information concerning the nature of Bronze Age occupation and land use on the west side of the Moor.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


This monument includes two small stone hut circles and a sub-rectangular enclosure defined by two clearance cairns and lengths of rubble bank, on the east-facing slope below Cox Tor. The northernmost stone hut circle is situated at the base of a rock outcrop and survives as a circular structure with a 2m internal diameter defined by a 1.5m wide rubble bank standing up to 0.3m high. The second stone hut circle has a 2.3m internal diameter and 1.4m wide rubble walls standing up to 0.4m high. The enclosure lies to the south- east of these huts, measures 32m by 38m and is defined by a rubble wall 2m wide and 0.6m high. The north-east and south-east corners of this enclosure are defined by field clearance cairns. Both cairn mounds measure 5.5m in diameter and stand up to 0.8m high.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 22235

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Butler, J, Dartmoor Atlas of Antiquities, (1991), 84
Gibson, A, Single Monument Class Description - Stone Hut Circles, (1987)

End of official listing