Round cairn 490m north-east of Sparretts Farm
- Heritage Category:
- Scheduled Monument
- List Entry Number:
- Date first listed:
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This copy shows the entry on 22-Sep-2019 at 10:50:50.
The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.
- Cornwall (Unitary Authority)
- St. Cleer
- National Grid Reference:
- SX 24080 72048
Reasons for Designation
Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been
recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The
Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and is one of the
best recorded upland landscapes in England. The extensive relict landscapes of
prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date provide direct evidence for human
exploitation of the Moor from the earliest prehistoric period onwards. The
well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field
systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains
provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land
use through time. Round cairns are funerary monuments covering single or
multiple burials and dating to the Bronze Age (c.2000-700 BC). They were
constructed as mounds of earth and stone rubble up to 40m in external diameter
but usually considerably smaller; a kerb of edge-set stones sometimes bounds
the edges of the mound. Burials were placed in small pits, or on occasion
within a box-like structure of stone slabs called a cist, let into the old
ground surface or dug into the body of the cairn. Round cairns can occur as
isolated monuments, in small groups or in larger cemeteries. Their
considerable variation in form and longevity as a monument type provides
important information on the diversity of beliefs, burial practices and social
organisation in the Bronze Age. They are particularly representative of their
period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered
worthy of preservation.
This round cairn on western Craddock Moor has survived reasonably well, despite the limited actions of stone robbers, and it will retain many of its original features including burial deposits. Its proximity to other broadly contemporary funerary, ritual and settlement sites demonstrates well the nature of funerary practices and the organisation of land use during the Bronze Age.
The monument includes a prehistoric round cairn situated close to other
broadly contemporary funerary, ritual and settlement sites on western Craddock
Moor on south-eastern Bodmin Moor.
The round cairn survives with a largely turf-covered circular mound of heaped
rubble, 6.75m in diameter and up to 0.5m high. Relatively recent stone
robbing from the mound has produced a shallow central hollow, 3m in diameter
and 0.2m deep, sloping down to the mound's south-west periphery.
Beyond this monument, nearby broadly contemporary monuments include a group of
cairns and a prehistoric ritual avenue located 175m to the east; the southern
part of a prehistoric stone alignment passes 85m to the north-west and
extensive prehistoric field systems with hut circle settlements are situated
150m to the north.
MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.
The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.
- Legacy System number:
- Legacy System:
consulted 4/1992, Carter, A./RCHME, 1:2500 AP transcription, SX 2472,
This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Digital, Culture, Media and Sport.
End of official listing