Romano-British farmstead 260m west of Plashetts Farm


Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011555

Date first listed: 22-Jul-1964

Date of most recent amendment: 20-Sep-1993


Ordnance survey map of Romano-British farmstead 260m west of Plashetts Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Northumberland (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Bavington

National Grid Reference: NY 96607 81382


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

In Cumbria and Northumberland several distinctive types of native settlements dating to the Roman period have been identified. The majority were small, non- defensive, enclosed homesteads or farms. In many areas they were of stone construction, although in the coastal lowlands timber-built variants were also common. In much of Northumberland, especially in the Cheviots, the enclosures were curvilinear in form. Further south a rectangular form was more common. Elsewhere, especially near the Scottish border, another type occurs where the settlement enclosure was `scooped' into the hillslope. Frequently the enclosures reveal a regularity and similarity of internal layout. The standard layout included one or more stone round-houses situated towards the rear of the enclosure, facing the single entranceway. In front of the houses were pathways and small enclosed yards. Homesteads normally had only one or two houses, but larger enclosures could contain as many as six. At some sites the settlement appears to have grown, often with houses spilling out of the main enclosure and clustered around it. At these sites up to 30 houses may be found. In the Cumbrian uplands the settlements were of less regimented form and unenclosed clusters of houses of broadly contemporary date are also known. These homesteads were being constructed and used by non-Roman natives throughout the period of the Roman occupation. Their origins lie in settlement forms developed before the arrival of the Romans. These homesteads are common throughout the uplands where they frequently survive as well-preserved earthworks. In lowland coastal areas they were also originally common, although there they can frequently only be located through aerial photography. All homestead sites which survive substantially intact will normally be identified as nationally important.

The farmstead west of Plashetts Farm is very well preserved and retains significant archaeological deposits. It is one of a group of similar settlements in the area and will contribute to any study of the settlement pattern at this time.


Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.


The monument includes the remains of a farmstead of Romano-British date situated on the broad valley floor at the foot of Sweethope Crags. The farmstead, roughly circular in shape, measures a maximum of 40m east-west by 30m north-south within a bank of earth and stone 4m wide and standing to a height of 1m. Outside the bank there is a broad ditch 10m wide and 1.4m deep below the top of the bank. On the outer edge of the ditch there is a well defined counterscarp bank, formed by the material dug from the ditch. The original entrance existed in the centre of the eastern wall but this has been partially damaged by the construction of a modern track through it. The breach in the western wall is also modern. Within the enclosure there are the stone foundations of at least two circular houses, on average 7.5m in diameter with walls standing to a height of 0.2m. Further stone foundations in the interior are interpreted as the rectangular buildings of a later phase of activity within the enclosure. The field wall which crosses the enclosure from east to west is excluded from the scheduling but the ground beneath it is included.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.


The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 21031

Legacy System: RSM


Books and journals
Bradley, , Brown, , Winter, , Lawson, , Rushworth, , Ray Demesne Estate Assesment Report, (1987), 2-3

End of official listing