East Heslerton Brow barrow group: a bowl barrow 1.1km east of Manor Wold Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011578

Date first listed: 06-Aug-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of East Heslerton Brow barrow group: a bowl barrow 1.1km east of Manor Wold Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale (District Authority)

Parish: Heslerton

National Grid Reference: SE 93964 75355

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Although this barrow has been partially altered by agricultural activity, it survives as an earthwork and the infilled quarry ditch has been observed on aerial photographs. As there is no evidence that the barrow has ever been excavated, the infilled ditch and burials in deep grave pits will survive intact. The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the vicinity of East Heslerton Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the Prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is one of several barrows situated on the northern edge of East Heslerton Wold. This bowl barrow lies 120m south of a ploughed-out linear boundary dyke and 50m north of an earlier long barrow. Although altered by agricultural activity, the barrow is still visible as a chalky mound 1m high and 40m in diameter. The quarry ditch which surrounds the barrow has been covered by the gradual spreading of the mound material but is visible on aerial photographs and has a maximum diameter of 32m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20559

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Stoertz, K, (1992)

End of official listing