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East Heslerton Brow barrow group: a bowl barrow 1.3km east of Manor Wold Farm

List Entry Summary

This monument is scheduled under the Ancient Monuments and Archaeological Areas Act 1979 as amended as it appears to the Secretary of State to be of national importance. This entry is a copy, the original is held by the Department for Culture, Media and Sport.

Name: East Heslerton Brow barrow group: a bowl barrow 1.3km east of Manor Wold Farm

List entry Number: 1011579

Location

The monument may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: North Yorkshire

District: Ryedale

District Type: District Authority

Parish: Heslerton

National Park: Not applicable to this List entry.

Grade: Not applicable to this List entry.

Date first scheduled: 06-Aug-1993

Date of most recent amendment: Not applicable to this List entry.

Legacy System Information

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System: RSM

UID: 20560

Asset Groupings

This list entry does not comprise part of an Asset Grouping. Asset Groupings are not part of the official record but are added later for information.

List entry Description

Summary of Monument

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The barrow 1.3km east of Manor Wold Farm differs from the usual form of bowl barrow in having a bank on the outer rim of the quarry ditch. Although this barrow has been partially altered by agricultural activity, it survives as an earthwork and the partially infilled quarry ditch has also been observed on aerial photographs. As there is no evidence that the barrow has ever been excavated, the infilled ditch and burials in deep grave pits will survive intact. The monument is one of a closely associated group of barrows which have further associations with broadly contemporary boundary earthworks in the vicinity of East Heslerton Wold. Similar groups of monuments are also known from other parts of the Wolds and from the southern edge of the North York Moors. Such associations between monuments offer important scope for the study of the division of land for social, ritual and agricultural purposes in different geographical areas during the prehistoric period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow which is one of several barrows situated on the northern edge of East Heslerton Wold. This bowl barrow lies 150m south of a ploughed-out linear boundary dyke and 300m north-east of an earlier long barrow. Although altered by agricultural activity, the barrow is still visible as a mound 0.3m high and 28m in diameter, surrounded by a 15m wide ditch. Although it has become infilled over the years the ditch is visible as a slight depression containing darker soil and has been identified on aerial photographs. Unusually, the barrow also has an outer bank which is ploughed flat but remains visible as a 16m wide spread of chalky soil on the outer edge of the ditch; the total diameter of the barrow is 70m.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Selected Sources

Other
Stoertz, K, (1992)

National Grid Reference: SE 94221 75342

Map

Map
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The above map is for quick reference purposes only and may not be to scale. For a copy of the full scale map, please see the attached PDF - 1011579 .pdf

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This copy shows the entry on 24-Nov-2017 at 09:02:31.

End of official listing