Bowl barrow 200m west of Barrowhills

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011601

Date first listed: 11-Aug-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow 200m west of Barrowhills
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Surrey

District: Runnymede (District Authority)

National Grid Reference: SU 98868 65671

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

The bowl barrow 200m west of Barrowhills survives well and is one of the largest examples in Surrey. It contains both archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed and, along with other burial mounds in the vicinity, it provides an insight into the occupation and settlement of the area during the Bronze Age period.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow, one of an original group of three, situated on the crest of a rise in the Bagshot series of sands and gravels. The barrow has a mound 39m in diameter and 2m high, surrounded by a ditch from which material was quarried during the construction of the monument. This has become partially infilled over the years but is visible as an earthwork to the east of the mound 0.3m deep and between 3m and 4m wide; the remainder survives as a buried feature. The three mounds were noted in the 13th century in a copy of the charter of Chertsey Abbey as the 'Threm Burghen'. A Bronze Age spearhead was discovered when one of the barrows was cut into c.1930.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20199

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Books and journals
'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 45, (1937), 166
Corner, G R, 'Surrey Archaeological Collections' in Surrey Archaeological Collections, , Vol. 1, (1858), 85

End of official listing