The Rookery, moated site, 350m west of Goddards Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011609

Date first listed: 13-Sep-1993

Map

Ordnance survey map of The Rookery, moated site, 350m west of Goddards Farm
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
© British Crown and SeaZone Solutions Limited 2018. All rights reserved. Licence number 102006.006.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Essex

District: Uttlesford (District Authority)

Parish: Great Sampford

National Grid Reference: TL 62560 35505

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Around 6,000 moated sites are known in England. They consist of wide ditches, often or seasonally water-filled, partly or completely enclosing one or more islands of dry ground on which stood domestic or religious buildings. In some cases the islands were used for horticulture. The majority of moated sites served as prestigious aristocratic and seigneurial residences with the provision of a moat intended as a status symbol rather than a practical military defence. The peak period during which moated sites were built was between about 1250 and 1350 and by far the greatest concentration lies in central and eastern parts of England. However, moated sites were built throughout the medieval period, are widely scattered throughout England and exhibit a high level of diversity in their forms and sizes. They form a significant class of medieval monument and are important for the understanding of the distribution of wealth and status in the countryside. Many examples provide conditions favourable to the survival of organic remains.

The Rookery remains well-preserved and will retain archaeological information relating to the occupation of the monument whilst the ditches will retain environmental evidence pertaining to the economy of its inhabitants and the landscape in which they lived.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument known as the Rookery includes a moated site situated 350m west of Goddards Farm, on a gentle north-eastern facing slope overlooking the River Pant and 1.7km north-west of Great Sampford church. The sub-rectangular moated area measures 90m NW-SE by 68m NE-SW. The north-eastern arm is partly waterfilled and is 5.8m in width. The south-eastern arm is dry, 7m wide and 2m deep. The remaining two arms are represented by a ditch of maximum 2m in width and 0.4m in depth. A causeway 2m wide on the south-east arm gives access to the island, which is raised approximately 0.5m from the surrounding ground level. The platform has been levelled to create a stepped bank alongside the north-eastern arm, which rises in two stages from the ditch bottom. At the northern angle of the moat is a waterlogged square fishpond 15m in length and 2.5m in depth. The moat is also known as 'The Mansion' but was named 'Homestall' on the 1836 Tithe Map.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 20694

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
SMR No: 1443, Information from SMR (No 1443),

End of official listing