Bowl barrow south east of Rectory Lane

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011769

Date first listed: 06-Jun-1995

Map

Ordnance survey map of Bowl barrow south east of Rectory Lane
© Crown Copyright and database right 2018. All rights reserved. Ordnance Survey Licence number 100024900.
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

County: Kent

District: Canterbury (District Authority)

Parish: Barham

National Grid Reference: TR 21223 50654

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bowl barrows, the most numerous form of round barrow, are funerary monuments dating from the Late Neolithic period to the Late Bronze Age, with most examples belonging to the period 2400-1500 BC. They were constructed as earthen or rubble mounds, sometimes ditched, which covered single or multiple burials. They occur either in isolation or grouped as cemeteries and often acted as a focus for burials in later periods. Often superficially similar, although differing widely in size, they exhibit regional variations in form and a diversity of burial practices. There are over 10,000 surviving bowl barrows recorded nationally (many more have already been destroyed), occurring across most of lowland Britain. Often occupying prominent locations, they are a major historic element in the modern landscape and their considerable variation of form and longevity as a monument type provide important information on the diversity of beliefs and social organisations amongst early prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection.

Despite some disturbance by tree growth, the bowl barrow south east of Rectory Lane survives well and will contain archaeological remains and environmental evidence relating to the monument and the landscape in which it was constructed. To the north east are several further bowl barrows of broadly contemporary date, a trackway of prehistoric origin and a barrow field dating to the early medieval period, which are the subjects of separate schedulings. The close association of these monuments provides evidence for the continuing importance of this area for burial practices over a period of around 3,000 years.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument includes a bowl barrow situated just below the summit of a chalk rise which forms part of the Kent Downs. The barrow has a roughly circular mound 15m in diameter and surviving to a height of c.1.2m, surrounded by a ditch from which material used to construct the barrow was excavated. This has become infilled over the years, and survives as a buried feature c.2m wide.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 25470

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
Title: TR 2150 Source Date: Author: Publisher: Surveyor: 1:2500

End of official listing