Stone hut circle 525m SW of West Carne Farm

Overview

Heritage Category: Scheduled Monument

List Entry Number: 1011783

Date first listed: 04-Sep-1991

Map

Ordnance survey map of Stone hut circle 525m SW of West Carne Farm
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Location

The building or site itself may lie within the boundary of more than one authority.

District: Cornwall (Unitary Authority)

Parish: Altarnun

National Grid Reference: SX 19906 81746

Summary

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Reasons for Designation

Bodmin Moor, the largest of the Cornish granite uplands, has long been recognised to have exceptional preservation of archaeological remains. The quality and diversity of the evidence is such that the Moor has been the subject of detailed archaeological survey and hence it forms one of the best recorded upland landscapes in England. Of particular note are the extensive relict landscapes of Prehistoric, medieval and post-medieval date. Together these provide direct evidence for human exploitation of the Moor from the earliest Prehistoric period onwards. The well-preserved and often visible relationship between settlement sites, field systems, ceremonial and funerary monuments as well as later industrial remains provides significant insights into successive changes in the pattern of land use through time. Stone hut circles were the dwelling places of Prehistoric farmers on Bodmin Moor, mostly dating from the Bronze Age. The stone-based round houses consist of low walls or banks enclosing a circular floor area; remains of a turf or thatch roof are not preserved. The huts may occur singly or in small or large groups and may occur in the open or be enclosed by a bank of earth and stone. Although they are common on the Moor, their longevity and their relationship with other monument types provides important information on the diversity of social organisation and farming practices among Prehistoric communities. They are particularly representative of their period and a substantial proportion of surviving examples are considered worthy of protection. The hut circle on the W slope of Carne Down survives well and in close association with other contemporary settlement and funerary monuments.

History

Legacy Record - This information may be included in the List Entry Details.

Details

The monument comprises a well-preserved stone hut circle on the slope of Carne Down on the NE edge of Bodmin Moor. The hut circle survives as a circular wall, 2-2.5m wide and 0.5m high, with a core of small boulders and stone rubble, faced on each side with upright slabs, enclosing an internal area 6.5m in diameter. The interior is levelled into the hill-slope such that the upper, east, side is 0.5m below the surrounding ground level. A break 0.5m wide in the SW part of the wall's circuit marks the location of the hut circle's entrance. This hut circle has not been excavated and appears complete and intact, with no evidence for any previous disturbance. It is an isolated hut circle situated on the upper W- facing slope of Carne Down in an area containing the fragmentary remains of a Prehistoric field system, whose partial re-use during the medieval period produced plough-ridges on the slope below the level of the monument. Another isolated hut circle, partly damaged and not included in the scheduling, is located 90m to the SW, a well-preserved field system with hut circles and settlements is situated on the SE and NE slopes of Carne Down, and two funerary cairns of similar date also occur nearby, on the summit of Carne Down.

MAP EXTRACT The site of the monument is shown on the attached map extract. It includes a 2 metre boundary around the archaeological features, considered to be essential for the monument's support and preservation.

Legacy

The contents of this record have been generated from a legacy data system.

Legacy System number: 15015

Legacy System: RSM

Sources

Other
consulted 2/1991, Carter, A/RCHME, Air Photo Transcription: SX 1981,
consulted 2/1991, Cornwall SMR entry for PRN 3544.2,

End of official listing